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Orbit®

SAFETY DATA SHEET
Issued by: Adama Australia Pty Ltd Phone: (02)9431 7800 (office hours)
Poisons Information Centre: 13 1126 from anywhere in Australia,
(0800 764 766 in New Zealand)

section 1 - Identification of The Material and Supplier: 

Adama Australia Pty Ltd

Suite 1, Level 4, Building B,

207 Pacific Highway St Leonards, NSW 2065

ACN 050 328 973

Telephone (02)9431 7800 (24 hours)

Emergency 1800 024 973 (24 hours)

Fax (02)9431 7700

 

Chemical nature: 

Omethoate is an organophosphorus insecticide.
Trade Name:  Orbit 290 SL Insecticide
Product Use:  Agricultural insecticide for use as described on the product label.
Creation Date:  November, 2014
This version issued:  November, 2014 and is valid for 5 years from this date.

 

section 2 - Hazards Identification: 

Statement of Hazardous Nature

This product is classified as: Xi, Irritating. T, Toxic. N, Dangerous to the environment. F, Flammable. Hazardous
according to the criteria of SWA.
Dangerous according to Australian Dangerous Goods (ADG) Code, IATA and IMDG/IMSBC criteria.
Risk Phrases: R10, R25, R33, R43, R50, R20/21, R36/38. Flammable. Toxic if swallowed. Danger of cumulative
effects. May cause sensitisation by skin contact. Very toxic to aquatic organisms. Harmful by inhalation and in contact
with skin. Irritating to eyes and skin.
Safety Phrases: S16, S20, S23, S28, S38, S45, S61, S1/2, S24/25, S36/37. Keep away from sources of ignition -
No smoking. When using, do not eat or drink. Do not breathe vapours or spray mists. After contact with skin, wash
immediately with plenty of soap and water. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. In
case of accident or if you feel unwell, contact a doctor or Poisons Information Centre immediately (show this SDS
where possible). Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/Safety Data Sheets. Keep locked up
and out of reach of children. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves.
SUSMP Classification: S6
ADG Classification: Class 6.1: Toxic Substances. Sub Risk: Class 3, Flammable liquids.
UN Number: 3017, ORGANOPHOSPHORUS PESTICIDE, LIQUID, TOXIC, FLAMMABLE, flash point not less than
23 °C

GHS Signal word: DANGER
HAZARD STATEMENT:
H226: Flammable liquid and vapour.
H301: Toxic if swallowed.
H312: Harmful in contact with skin.
H315: Causes skin irritation.
H317: May cause an allergic skin reaction.
H320: Causes eye irritation.
H332: Harmful if inhaled.
H335: May cause respiratory irritation.
H373: May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.
H400: Very toxic to aquatic life.
PREVENTION
P102: Keep out of reach of children.
P210: Keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and hot surfaces. - No smoking.
P233: Keep container tightly closed.
P240: Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241: Use explosion-proof electrical ventilating, lighting and other equipment.
P243: Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P260: Do not breathe fumes, mists, vapours or spray.

P262: Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P264: Wash contacted areas thoroughly after handling.
P270: Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271: Use only outdoors or in a well ventilated area.
P272: Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273: Avoid release to the environment.
P280: Wear protective gloves, protective clothing and eye or face protection.
RESPONSE
P361: Remove all contaminated clothing immediately.
P363: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
P301+P310: IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTRE or doctor.
P301+P330+P331: IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P302+P352: IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water.
P304+P340: IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305+P351+P338: IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if
present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P333+P313: If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice.
P337+P313: If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice.
P370+P378: In case of fire, use carbon dioxide, dry chemical, foam, water fog. Alcohol resistant foam is the
preferred firefighting medium but, if it is not available, normal foam can be used.
STORAGE
P405: Store locked up.
P410: Protect from sunlight.
P402+P404: Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.
P403+P235: Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
DISPOSAL
P501: Dispose of contents and containers as specified on the registered label.

Emergency Overview

Physical Description & colour: Clear, colourless liquid.
Odour: Aromatic/chemical odour.
Major Health Hazards: toxic if swallowed, danger of cumulative effects, harmful by inhalation and in contact with
skin, irritating to eyes and skin, possible skin sensitiser. Signs and symptoms associated with mild exposures to
organophosphate and carbamate pesticides include: headache, fatigue, dizziness, loss of appetite with nausea,
stomach cramps and diarrhoea; blurred vision associated with excessive tearing; contracted pupils of the eye;
excessive sweating and salivation; slowed heartbeat, often fewer than 50 per minute; rippling of surface muscles just
under the skin. These symptoms may be mistaken for those of flu, heat stroke or heat exhaustion, or upset stomach.
Moderately severe organophosphate and carbamate insecticide poisoning cases exhibit all the signs and symptoms
found in mild poisonings, but in addition, the victim: is unable to walk; often complains of chest discomfort and
tightness; exhibits marked constriction of the pupils (pinpoint pupils); exhibits muscle twitching; has involuntary
urination and bowel movement. Severe poisonings are indicated by incontinence, unconsciousness and seizures.

Potential Health Effects

Inhalation:
Short term exposure: Symptoms are described fully above.
Long Term exposure: No data for health effects associated with long term inhalation.
Skin Contact:
Short term exposure:
Symptoms are described fully above.
Long Term exposure: No data for health effects associated with long term skin exposure.
Eye Contact:
Short term exposure:
This product is an eye irritant. Symptoms may include stinging and reddening of eyes and
watering which may become copious. Other symptoms may also become evident. If exposure is brief, symptoms
should disappear once exposure has ceased. However, lengthy exposure or delayed treatment may cause permanent
damage.
Long Term exposure: No data for health effects associated with long term eye exposure.
Ingestion:
Short term exposure: Symptoms are described fully above.
Long Term exposure: No data for health effects associated with long term ingestion.

Carcinogen Status:
SWA: No significant ingredient is classified as carcinogenic by SWA.
NTP: No significant ingredient is classified as carcinogenic by NTP.
IARC: No significant ingredient is classified as carcinogenic by IARC.

section 3 - Composition/ Information on Ingredients: 
Ingredients CAS No Conc,% TWA (mg/m3) STEL (mg/m3)
Omethoate 1113-02-6 290g/L not set not set
1-methoxy-2-acetoxypropane 108-65-6 760g/L 274 548

 

This is a commercial product whose exact ratio of components may vary slightly. Minor quantities of other non hazardous ingredients are also possible.

The SWA TWA exposure value is the average airborne concentration of a particular substance when calculated over a normal 8 hour working day for a 5 day working week. The STEL (Short Term Exposure Limit) is an exposure value that may be equalled (but should not be exceeded) for no longer than 15 minutes and should not be repeated more than 4 times per day. There should be at least 60 minutes between successive exposures at the STEL. The term "peak "is used when the TWA limit, because of the rapid action of the substance, should never be exceeded, even briefly.

section 4 - First Aid Measures: 

General Information:

You should call The Poisons Information Centre if you feel that you may have been poisoned, burned or irritated by
this product. The number is 13 1126 from anywhere in Australia (0800 764 766 in New Zealand) and is available at all
times. Have this SDS with you when you call.
If swallowed, splashed on skin or inhaled, contact a Poisons Information Centre or a doctor at once. Remove any
contaminated clothing and wash skin thoroughly. Hospital treatment may be necessary.
Inhalation: If symptoms of poisoning become evident, contact a Poisons Information Centre, or call a doctor at
once. Remove source of contamination or move victim to fresh air. If breathing is difficult, oxygen may be beneficial if
administered by trained personnel, preferably on a doctor's advice. DO NOT allow victim to move about
unnecessarily. Symptoms of pulmonary oedema can be delayed up to 48 hours after exposure.
Skin Contact: Wash gently and thoroughly with warm water (use non-abrasive soap if necessary) for 10-20 minutes
or until product is removed. Under running water, remove contaminated clothing, shoes and leather goods (e.g.
watchbands and belts) and completely decontaminate them before reuse or discard. If irritation persists, repeat
flushing and seek medical attention.
Eye Contact: Immediately flush the contaminated eye(s) with lukewarm, gently flowing water for 15 minutes or until
the product is removed, while holding the eyelid(s) open. Take care not to rinse contaminated water into the
unaffected eye or onto the face. Obtain medical attention immediately. Take special care if exposed person is wearing
contact lenses.
Ingestion: If swallowed, do NOT induce vomiting; rinse mouth thoroughly with water and contact a Poisons
Information Centre, or call a doctor at once. Give activated charcoal if instructed.

section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures: 

Fire and Explosion Hazards: The major hazard in fires is usually inhalation of heated and toxic or oxygen
deficient (or both), fire gases. There is a moderate risk of an explosion from this product if commercial quantities are
involved in a fire. Firefighters should take care and appropriate precautions. Violent steam generation or eruption may
occur upon application of direct water stream on hot liquids. Vapours from this product are heavier than air and may
accumulate in sumps, pits and other low-lying spaces, forming potentially explosive mixtures. They may also flash
back considerable distances.
Fire decomposition products from this product may be toxic if inhaled. Take appropriate protective measures.
Extinguishing Media: In case of fire, use carbon dioxide, dry chemical, foam, water fog. Alcohol resistant foam is
the preferred firefighting medium but, if it is not available, normal foam can be used. Try to contain spills, minimise
spillage entering drains or water courses.
Fire Fighting: If a significant quantity of this product is involved in a fire, call the fire brigade. There is a danger of a
violent reaction or explosion if significant quantities of this product are involved in a fire. Recommended personal
protective equipment is liquid-tight chemical protective clothing and breathing apparatus. Cool closed, undamaged
containers exposed to fire with water spray.

Flash point: >43°C
Upper Flammability Limit: 7%
Lower Flammability Limit: 1.5%
Autoignition temperature:  332°C
Flammability Class:  Flammable Category 3 (GHS); Flammable (AS1940)
section 6 - Accidental Release Measures: 

Accidental release: In the event of a major spill, prevent spillage from entering drains or water courses. Evacuate
the spill area and deny entry to unnecessary and unprotected personnel. Immediately call the Fire Brigade. Wear full
protective chemically resistant clothing including eye/face protection, gauntlets and self contained breathing
apparatus. See below under Personal Protection regarding Australian Standards relating to personal protective
equipment. No special recommendations for clothing materials. Eye/face protective equipment should comprise as a
minimum, protective goggles. If there is a significant chance that vapours or mists are likely to build up in the cleanup
area, we recommend that you use a respirator. Usually, no respirator is necessary when using this product. However,
if you have any doubts consult the Australian Standard mentioned below (section 8). Otherwise, not normally
necessary.
Stop leak if safe to do so, and contain spill. Absorb onto sand, vermiculite or other suitable absorbent material. If spill
is too large or if absorbent material is not available, try to create a dike to stop material spreading or going into drains
or waterways. Because of the toxicity of this product, special personal care should be taken in any cleanup operation.
Sweep up and shovel or collect recoverable product into labelled containers for recycling or salvage, and dispose of
promptly. Recycle containers wherever possible after careful cleaning. Refer to product label for specific instructions.
After spills, wash area preventing runoff from entering drains. If a significant quantity of material enters drains, advise
emergency services. Full details regarding disposal of used containers, spillage and unused material may be found on
the label. If there is any conflict between this SDS and the label, instructions on the label prevail. Ensure legality of
disposal by consulting regulations prior to disposal. Thoroughly launder protective clothing before storage or re-use.
Advise laundry of nature of contamination when sending contaminated clothing to laundry.

section 7 - Handling and Storage: 

Handling: Keep exposure to this product to a minimum, and minimise the quantities kept in work areas. Check
Section 8 of this SDS for details of personal protective measures, and make sure that those measures are followed.
The measures detailed below under "Storage" should be followed during handling in order to minimise risks to
persons using the product in the workplace. Also, avoid contact or contamination of product with incompatible
materials listed in Section 10.
Storage: This product is a Scheduled Poison. Observe all relevant regulations regarding sale, transport and storage
of this schedule of poison. Store in a cool, well ventilated area. Check containers periodically for leaks. Containers
should be kept closed in order to minimise contamination. Make sure that the product does not come into contact with
substances listed under "Incompatibilities" in Section 10. If you keep more than 10000kg or L of Dangerous Goods of
Packaging Group III, you may be required to license the premises or notify your Dangerous Goods authority. If you
have any doubts, we suggest you contact your Dangerous Goods authority in order to clarify your obligations. Check
packaging - there may be further storage instructions on the label.

section 8 - Exposure Controls and Personal Protection: 

The following Australian Standards will provide general advice regarding safety clothing and equipment:

Respiratory equipment: AS/NZS 1715, Protective Gloves: AS 2161, Occupational Protective Clothing: AS/NZS 4501 set 2008, Industrial Eye Protection: AS1336 and AS/NZS 1337, Occupational Protective Footwear: AS/NZS2210.

SWA Exposure Limits TWA (mg/m3) STEL (mg/m3)
1-methoxy-2-acetoxypropane 274 548

The ADI for Omethoate is set at 0.0004mg/kg/day. The corresponding NOEL is set at 0.04mg/kg/day. ADI means
Acceptable Daily Intake; NOEL means No-observable-effect-level. Data from Australian ADI List, June 2013.
No special equipment is usually needed when occasionally handling small quantities. The following instructions are
for bulk handling or where regular exposure in an occupational setting occurs without proper containment systems.

Ventilation: This product should only be used in a well ventilated area. If natural ventilation is inadequate, use of a
fan is suggested.
Eye Protection: Protective glasses or goggles should be worn when this product is being used. Failure to protect
your eyes may cause them harm. Emergency eye wash facilities are also recommended in an area close to where
this product is being used.
Skin Protection: If you believe you may have a sensitisation to this product or any of its declared ingredients, you
should prevent skin contact by wearing impervious gloves, clothes and, preferably, apron. Make sure that all skin
areas are covered. See below for suitable material types.
Protective Material Types: We suggest that protective clothing be made from the following materials: PVC.
Respirator: Usually, no respirator is necessary when using this product. However, if you have any doubts consult
the Australian Standard mentioned above. Otherwise, not normally necessary.
Eyebaths or eyewash stations and safety deluge showers should, if practical, be provided near to where this product
is being handled commercially.

section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties: 
Physical Description & colour: Clear, colourless liquid.
Odour: Aromatic/chemical odour.
Boiling Point: 146°C at 100kPa (solvent)
Freezing/Melting Point: No specific data. Liquid at normal temperatures.
Volatiles: No specific data. Expected to be low at 100°C.
Vapour Pressure: No data.
Vapour Density: No data.
Specific Gravity: 1.05 at 20°C
Water Solubility: Soluble
pH: 3.2-4.2 (10% in water)
Volatility: No data.
Odour Threshold: No data.
Evaporation Rate: No data.
Coeff Oil/water distribution: -0.74 at 20°C (omethoate) (log P octanol/water)
Autoignition temp: 332°C
section 10 - Stability and Reactivity: 

Reactivity: This product is unlikely to react or decompose under normal storage conditions. However, if you have
any doubts, contact the supplier for advice on shelf life properties.
Conditions to Avoid: This product should be kept in a cool place, preferably below 30°C. Keep containers tightly
closed. Containers should be kept dry. Keep away from heat, flames and sparks. Keep away from sources of sparks
or ignition. Any electrical equipment in the area of this product should be flame proofed. Protect this product from
light. Store in the closed original container in a dry, cool, well-ventilated area out of direct sunlight.
Incompatibilities: acids, bases, oxidising agents.
Fire Decomposition: Combustion forms carbon dioxide, and if incomplete, carbon monoxide and possibly smoke.
Water is also formed. May form nitrogen and its compounds, and under some circumstances, oxides of nitrogen.
Occasionally hydrogen cyanide gas in reducing atmospheres. May form oxides of sulfur (sulfur dioxide is a respiratory
hazard) and other sulfur compounds. Most will have a foul odour. May form oxides of phosphorus and other
phosphorus compounds. Carbon monoxide poisoning produces headache, weakness, nausea, dizziness, confusion,
dimness of vision, disturbance of judgment, and unconsciousness followed by coma and death.
Polymerisation: This product will not undergo polymerisation reactions.

section 11 - Toxicological Information: 

Local Effects:
Target Organs: There is no data to hand indicating any particular target organs.

Classification of Hazardous Ingredients 

Ingredient                                                               Risk Phrases
Omethoate                                                             Conc>=25%: T; R25; R21
1-methoxy-2-acetoxypropane                               Conc>=20%: Xi; R36
Omethoate is an anticholinesterase compound. Symptoms typical of cholinesterase inhibition (for all routes of entry):
Mild cases
Headache, blurred vision, weakness, sweating, mild chest pain, nausea and vomiting.
Severe cases
Cyanosis (blueness of the skin, as from lack of oxygen), muscular twitching, spasms, miosis (pinpoint pupils) and
respiratory paralysis. These symptoms commence from one to three hours after excessive exposure.
ANIMAL TOXICITY DATA
Acute:
Oral toxicity                                                             LD50 rat: approx. 100 mg/kg (derived from data for similar product)
Dermal toxicity                                                        LD50 rat: approx. 1000 mg/kg (derived from data for similar product)
Inhalation toxicity                                                    LC50 (4 h) rat: 0.3 mg/L aerosol (omethoate active ingredient)
Skin irritation                                                           Non irritant (rabbit) (derived from data for similar product)
Irritation to mucous membranes irritating (rabbit) (derived from data for similar product)
Sensitisation Omethoate is a skin sensitiser.
Chronic:
Repeated exposure to omethoate may cause allergic disorders. Repeated minor exposure may have a cumulative
poisoning effect. The main health effects from repeated exposure would be toxic symptoms of cholinesterase inhibition as described above. Animal studies with omethoate have shown no evidence of oncogenic effect, no
evidence of carcinogenic effects and no teratogenic potential.
The long term effects in animals noted for the solvent, 1-methoxy-2-propyl acetate, were headaches, dizziness and
possible nausea. The solvent was not mutagenic in the Ames test, and did not cause teratological or other
developmental effects.

section 12 - Ecological Information: 

This product is very toxic to aquatic organisms. This product is toxic to bees. This product is biodegradable. It will not
accumulate in the soil or water or cause long term problems.
DO NOT contaminate streams, rivers or waterways with this product or used containers.
Ecotoxicity, Omethoate:
Fish toxicity:
LC50: 30 mg/L (96 h); golden orfe (Leuciscus idus melanotus)
LC50: 9.1 mg/L (96 h); rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Aquatic invertebrate toxicity:
EC50: 0.022 mg/L (48 h); Daphnia magna
Algae toxicity:
IC
50
: 167.5 mg/L (72 h); green algae (Scenedesmus subspicatus)
Bird toxicity:
LD50: 79.7 mg/kg; male Japanese quail
LD50: 83.4 mg/kg; female Japanese quail
Environmental fate, persistence and degradability, mobility
Omethoate has a relatively high mobility in soil but is very rapidly metabolised.
DT50: only a few days. The main metabolite is CO2. Aged leaching studies revealed that metabolites have only a low
leaching potential.

section 13 - Disposal Considerations: 

Disposal: Special help is available for the disposal of Agricultural Chemicals. The product label will give general
advice regarding disposal of small quantities, and how to cleanse containers. However, for help with the collection of
unwanted rural chemicals, contact ChemClear 1800 008 182 http://www.chemclear.com.au/ and for help with the
disposal of empty drums, contact DrumMuster http://www.drummuster.com.au/ where you will find contact details for
your area.

section 14 - Transport Information: 

Dangerous according to Australian Dangerous Goods (ADG) Code, IATA and IMDG/IMSBC criteria.
UN Number: 3017, ORGANOPHOSPHORUS PESTICIDE, LIQUID, TOXIC, FLAMMABLE, flash point not less than
23 °C
Hazchem Code: •3W
Special Provisions: 61, 223, 274
Limited quantities: ADG 7 specifies a Limited Quantity value of 5 L for this class of product.
Dangerous Goods Class: Class 6.1: Toxic Substances.
Sub Risk: Class 3, Flammable liquids.
Packaging Group: III
Packaging Method: P001, IBC03
Class 6 Toxic Substances shall not be loaded in the same vehicle or packed in the same freight container with
Classes 1 (Explosives), 3 (Flammable Liquids where the Flammable Liquid is nitromethane), 5.1 (Oxidising Agents
where the Toxic Substances are Fire Risk Substances), 5.2 (Organic Peroxides where the Toxic Substances are Fire
Risk Substances), 8 (Corrosive Substances where the Toxic Substances are cyanides and the Corrosives are acids),
Foodstuffs and foodstuff empties. They may however be loaded in the same vehicle or packed in the same freight
container with Classes, 2.1 (Flammable Gases), 2.2 (Non-Flammable, Non-Toxic Gases), 2.3 (Toxic Gases), 3
(Flammable liquids, except where the flammable liquid is nitromethane), 4.1 (Flammable Solids), 4.2 (Spontaneously
Combustible Substances), 4.3 (Dangerous When Wet Substances), 5.1 (Oxidising Agents except where the Toxic
Substances are Fire Risk Substances), 5.2 (Organic Peroxides except where the Toxic Substances are Fire Risk
Substances), 7 (Radioactive Substances), 8 (Corrosive Substances except where the Toxic Substances are cyanides
and the Corrosives are acids), 9 (Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods)

section 15 - Regulatory Information: 

AICS: All of the significant ingredients in this formulation are compliant with NICNAS regulations.
The following ingredient: Omethoate, is mentioned in the SUSMP.

section 16 - Other Information: 

This MSDS contains only safety-related information. For other data see product literature.

Acronyms:  
ADG Code Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail, 7th Edition
AICS Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances
SWA Safe Work Australia, formerly ASCC and NOHSC
CAS number Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number
Hazchem Code Emergency action code of numbers and letters that provide information to emergency services especially firefighters
IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer
NOS Not otherwise specified
NTP National Toxicology Program (USA)
R-Phrase Risk Phrase
SUSMP Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines & Poisons
UN Number United Nations Number

 

Contact Points:

Call Adama on (02)9431 7800 and ask for the technical manager.   Fax: (02)9431 7700

 

Police and Fire Brigade:  Dial 000
Emergency contact:  1800 024 973 (24 hours)

 

If ineffective:

Dial Poisons Information Centre (13 1126 from anywhere in Australia)

The information contained in this Material Safety Data Sheet is provided in good faith and is believed to be correct at the date hereof. However, it is expected that individuals receiving the information will exercise their independent judgement in determining its appropriateness for a particular purpose. Adama Australia Pty Ltd makes no representation as to the accuracy or comprehensiveness of the information and to the full extent allowed by law excludes all liability whatsoever, whether with respect to negligence or otherwise, for any loss or damage arising from or connection with the supply or use of the information in this Material Safety Data Sheet.

Please read all labels carefully before using product.

This MSDS is prepared in accord with the SWA document “National Code of Practice for the Preparation of Material Safety Data Sheets” 2nd Edition [NOHSC:2011(2003)] Copyright © Kilford & Kilford Pty Ltd, August, 2012. http://www.kilford.com.au/ Phone (02)9251 4532